婆罗州向世界献上的礼物...
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马廖盆地

 

瀑布与湖泊

马廖盆地里具许多令人陶醉的自然美景,它也是马来西亚最多瀑布的地方。 马廖河上壮观无比的七层式瀑布名闻天下,最高的瀑布高达28公尺。 传说中的Linumunsut湖位于马廖,是 沙巴州唯一的非牛轭湖,位于北部绝壁的边缘。当地的原住民-毛律人,世代都相信有龙居住在湖的深处 ,这也是沙巴州唯一的淡水湖泊。

Flora

The isolated and mysterious Maliau Basin, also known as Sabah's Lost World, has only recently begun to be investigated by researchers. Major expeditions in 1988, 1996, 2001, 2005 and 2006, and baseline studies during the joint Yayasan Sabah / DANIDA project, discovered a distinct and diverse flora of over 1,800 species, including at least 6 types of pitcher plant and more 80 species of orchid, several of which are new records for Sabah. The rare Rafflesia tengku-adlinii has also been found in Maliau Basin, one of only two known localities in Sabah, and two species completely new to science, a tree and a moss, have so far been discovered. Main forest dominated by majestic Agathis trees, rare montane heath forest and precious lowland and hill dipterocarp forest.


动物

虽然马廖盆地大部分地形还有待探索和研究,但那里肯定是沙巴最珍稀濒危野生物种的家园,包括苏门答腊 犀牛,雄牛,人猿和长鼻猴。其他尚有超过80种哺乳动物,包括婆罗洲小矮象,云豹和马来熊 (Sunbear)。

那里也是近300种已被记录鸟类栖息地,到目前为止,包括壮观布尔沃颈长尾雉和婆罗洲Bristlehead。事实上马廖 已成为全球观鸟活动热点,那里鸟类生物多样性令人大开眼界,不少于四分之一的鸟类目前列入受威胁自然保护联盟(世界自然保护联盟)。

超过35种的两栖类迄今被发现在盆地生长,包括青蛙,它们喜爱以猪笼草生长区为家! 马廖也发现新的鱼种,蟹和水甲虫品种,毫无疑问,将有更多的物种会在这生物多样性极丰富的盆地一一被发掘。

**对于野生动植物观赏提示,请参阅上述 “有用提示”.